Chinas economy has developed quickly in the past decades, but providing jobs for the worlds largest population remains a tremendous challenge.
Last year, about 7.65 million students graduated from universities and colleges, and 169 million people, mainly fro rural area, flocked to Chinese cities in search of jobs, with many becoming migrant workers there. Besides, employers have raised their demands for ideal employees as well.
Chen Zhengting graduated from college a year ago, but she has not found an ideal job yet. Shes now teaching as a part-timer and learning new skills. Theres a new phrase for describing her situation: Delayed employment. Its similar to gap year in western counties.
Some choose delayed employment on their own initiatives but I have chosen it passively, said Chen. Her dream is to find jobs in investment banking or venture capital, but she knows its very competitive. There are too many excellent graduates in Beijing, she said.
Chinese migrant workers are widely believed to be a group of people who work in poor working conditions for low wages. However, as Chinas economy has become more sophisticated, the situation for migrant workers has also been improving.
Migrant workers used to work in east coastal cities like Guangzhou. Now, as second-tier or third-tier inland cities are rapidly developing, many choose to work in cities near their homes. Thus, the number of laborers in east coastal cities decreased, and it became a serious issue, especially in 2014. Since then, migrant workers in big cities have started to request higher salaries and better living conditions.
Employers now request more from their employees as well, due to an average of 7 million graduates rushing into the job market every year, but the lack of innovation and experience makes it difficult for them to find an ideal job in a short time. Besides, migrant workers are also requested for more specialized skills – a frustrating situation for many with inadequate education.